Phonological processes are modifications that typically developing children make to groups of sounds to simplify speech as they are learning to talk. For example, sounds made at the back of the mouth (e.g. ‘k’, ‘g’, ‘ing’) can be more difficult than sounds made at the front of the mouth (e.g. ‘t’, ‘d’, ‘n’) so children will use front sounds for back saying ‘otay’ for ‘OK’ and ‘dough’ for ‘go’. Phonological processes become problematic when children do not grow out of them and use them longer than expected. Phonological therapy targets groups of sounds at one time and changes are often seen to all sounds in the group after working on only a few.
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